The nation's largest credit union serving the biomedical industry.
Home » Personal » Banking Products » Overdraft Protection

Life happens!  The NIH Federal Credit Union knows that mistakes occur from time to time.  Fortunately, we offer three options that can provide assistance.                   

Overdraft Protection

 Pay overdrafts with no charge by automatically moving money from your savings account to your checking account, if funds are available (limited to 6 transfers per month combined with other transfers). Members can also use a Checkmate Line of Credit1 as a source of overdraft protection with no per-item overdraft fees.

• Apply for a Checkmate Line of Credit

Courtesy Pay

Allows eligible accounts** to be overdrawn up to $700 when the available balance in your checking account is insufficient and other sources of overdraft protection are exhausted. Even with overdraft protection, Courtesy Pay is an important secondary coverage program as indicated below.

• Automatic protection on eligible accounts
• A $30 fee will be assessed for each overdraft
• Total overdrafts cannot exceed $700, including fees
• Does not require credit approval

  Courtesy Pay Example for Checks (PDF)

Courtesy Pay PLUS

An optional upgrade to Courtesy Pay to also cover ATM and everyday debit card transactions.


Consent to Courtesy Pay PLUS

Extend your Courtesy Pay coverage to add everyday debit and ATM transactions:

Login to Online Banking, click 'Other Services,' choose the "Debit Card/ATM Overdraft Options" form.
Call us at 800.877.6440
 Stop by any branch.
Complete and return the consent form by mail or to any branch.

You may discontinue Courtesy Pay Plus at any time by calling 800.877.6440 or stopping by any branch.

  Overdraft Protection
Courtesy Pay
No action required

Courtesy Pay PLUS
Your Consent Required
(See Above)

Transactions Covered:
Transfer available funds from your NIHFCU Share Account or line of credit.
Covers noted transactions when other NIHFCU funding sources are exhausted. Adds ATM & Debit overdraft coverage when other NIHFCU funding sources are exhausted.
ACH- Automatic Debits
Recurring Debit Card Payments
Online Bill Pay Items
ATM Transactions

Your consent required
(see above)

Everyday Debit Card Transactions

Your consent required
(see above)

No per-item overdraft fees
Interest charges will apply for Checkmate Line of credit advances1

$30 fee for each overdraft

$30 fee for each overdraft
1Subject to credit approval, interest charges apply

**Minor, trust, club & organizational and deceased member accounts are not eligible for Courtesy Pay.  Members with the following conditions on their account(s) are temporarily ineligible for courtesy pay but may become eligible once the condition(s) are removed:  Past due NIHFCU loan of more than 31 days; charged-off NIHFCU loan; accounts with a negative balance for more than 31 days; consumer checking account open less than 31 days; business checking open less than 61 days, accounts with levies, garnishments or bankruptcies, regular share account with balance under $25.  

What Else You Need To Know

A link to another account or a line of credit is a less expensive option than incurring an overdraft fee. Good account management is the best way to avoid overdrafts. Use mobile, online and telephone banking to keep track of your balance. Enroll in our free email or text account alerts.

The $30 “CTSY PAY FEE” is the same fee amount that is charged if a check is returned as unpaid. If multiple items overdraw your account on the same day, each item will be assessed a separate $30 “CTSY PAY FEE.” All fees and charges will be included as part of the Courtesy Pay limit amount. Your account may become overdrawn in excess of the Courtesy Pay limit amount as a result of a “CTSY PAY FEE.”

For Consumer accounts, there is no limit of Courtesy Pay Fees per day we will charge. These exceptions do not apply to business accounts.

We generally post items in the following order: 1) ACH credits in the order presented, 2) ACH debits (in the order presented), 3) lockbox payments and deposits (in the order presented), 4) checks (in the order presented), 5) all other items are posted as received; however, exceptions will occur. Holds on funds (described below) and the order in which transactions are posted may impact the total amount of Courtesy Pay or Return Item Fees assessed.

NIHFCU authorizes and pays transactions using the available balance in your account. The available balance is comprised of the ledger balance (collected funds) less any debit card holds, and does not include any deposited funds on hold. Your available balance may be less than your actual balance at any given time. NIHFCU may place a hold on deposited funds in accordance with our Deposit Account Agreement and Disclosure. If the funds in the your available balance are not sufficient to cover a transaction, any available overdraft protection and/or the amount of the Courtesy Pay limit, may be used to authorize and pay a transaction.

Please be aware that the Overdraft Privilege amount is not included in your balance provided through online banking, mobile banking or NIHFCU's ATMs.

NIHFCU will place a hold on your account for any authorized debit card transaction until the transaction settles (usually within two business days) or as permitted by payment system rules. In some cases, the hold may exceed the amount of the transaction. When a hold expires or is removed, the funds will be added to the available balance in your account. Because funds on hold are deducted from your available balance, transactions that are posted while a hold is in place may result in an Overdraft/Return Item Fee. 

Except as described in this letter, NIHFCU will not pay items if your account does not contain sufficient available funds (including the Courtesy Pay limit) to cover the item(s) and the amount of any fee(s). 

We may restrict your debit card use if you incur overdrafts in excess of the available funds in your account, including any Overdraft Privilege limit. If you use your debit card for recurring payments, e.g. utilities, and your debit card is ever suspended, these transactions will be declined or returned to the payee(s). You will need to make other arrangements to make these payments to the payee(s)

Courtesy Pay is not a line of credit; it is a discretionary overdraft service that can be withdrawn at any time by NIHFCU without prior notice.

Courtesy Pay may be discontinued if you default on any loan or other obligation to us, your account becomes subject to any legal or administrative order or levy, or if you fail to maintain your account in good standing by not bringing your account to a positive balance within 31 days for a minimum of one business day. Each member and each Authorized Signatory will continue to be liable, jointly and severally, for all overdraft and fee amounts, as described in the Deposit Account and Disclosure Agreement. The total (negative) balance, including all fees and charges, is due and payable upon demand.

Ways To Avoid Overdraft

One of the best ways to prevent overdrafts is to monitor your balances. At the NIHFCU, you have access to many free, easy and convenient tools to help you stay in touch with accounts and avoid overdrawing your funds.

Free Online Banking - fast, secure, 24/365 access to your accounts from your PC

Free Mobile Banking – Secure, convenient on-the-go access on your smartphone or tablet.

Account Alerts  - Receive emails or text messages with balance updates and other information you select

By adding Debit Card Overdraft Services, you may be allowed to continue with a purchase and deposit or transfer funds before the posted cutoff time on the same business day to cover the transaction.